Hazel has distinctive pale yellow fluffy catkins known as lambs tails appear from January to March and hang along the length of the bare twigs, not just at the ends. A single line of hazel stakes are driven into the centre of the hedge, with the top bound with hazel binders. Please discuss. The hedge-layer then cuts away pleaches, that is the stem towards ground level and arches it over at an angle of 60 degrees, encouraging new shoots to grow straight upwards. Tel: 01530 222934 Berkshire, or Moss pattern, billhook is smaller than the Yorkshire pattern, and offers a well-balanced blade and handle that is easy to use. He refers local provenance and there is nothing more local than the hazel which has been there for many hundreds of years. -Arch dude 02:27, 25 December 2007 (UTC) I disagree. These he only cuts three-quarters of the way through so that the stalk can be bent over and laid onto the ground. This stem is called a “pleacher” and it is these pleachers which will grow back vigorously with vertical shoots making the hedge livestock-proof.In the Midlands hedge laying is called “plashing” and the French call it “plaisse”. In the UK and Ireland, hawthorn, blackthorn and hazel are popular trees for hedge laying. They should be cut and laid out to one side so that they are available to fill the gap left when the last pleachers of the adjacent section are laid. South of England They also create a very attractive top to your hedge. Deadwood is a small environmental company based near Newark, Nottinghamshire. Styles of hedges vary across the country (see below), but the principles of hedge-laying remain the same. Binders about 15′ long in, bundles of 20 at £13.50 per bundle. Hedgelaying is a way of maintaining a hedge, Quicksetting is establishment. There are numerous different styles of billhook, which vary dramatically in weight and length. ... Stakes & binders for hedge laying. While initially quite tricky to grasp, it’s a skill that really is a case of practice makes perfect. Essentially you wait until the hazel has reached 8'-12' (or whatever height you want I guess). Hazel is also used for making walking sticks and if it grows too big can be converted into charcoal. Feb 6, 2019 - Explore Ian Baird's board "Coppicing and Hedgelaying", followed by 141 people on Pinterest. Stakes 5 ‘ 6’’ (1.7m) long and should be pointed and squared. What is soil and how can gardeners improve it? Often hazel is preferred 1’ – 2’ inch (25- 50mm ) diameter. This makes for a denser overall hedge, with no disruption to either the nature corridor or the landscape. Yorkshire billhook is the preferred billhook for many professional hedge layers. Somerset So regularly coppiced hazel is an important part of many working woodlands and you can see why some woodland managers want to increase the amount of hazel in their woodlands. The ash tree is not ready for coppicing but the hazel and thorn could be laid to fill the gaps. Hedge laying is a seasonal job carried out between October and March when trees and shrubs are dormant, and birds have finished nesting in the hedges. Laying hedges helps the hedge put on new growth at the base, helping thicken up leggy hedges with thin bases. Dead wood is used to protect the regrowth from being browsed by stock. A hedge laid in the South of England style will cost about £10 to £12 per metre and today, with a chainsaw, a man can do about 30 to 40 metres a day. The stakes hold the pleachers in place, some of which are woven behind the stakes. Kent pattern billhook has a deeper blade than the Berkshire pattern, with a short nose that is useful for working at the bottom of a hedge. Hedgelaying is the process of cutting a small bush or tree partly through, and then bending the stem without breaking it, so that it can still grow. Grow hazel in a mixed hedge for maximum advantages! This will allow light to reach the base of the hedge and encourage new growth, ensuring that the hedge thickens. It is also the time of the year when many of the materials you’ll need for hedge-laying, such as the hazel and ash for the stakes and bindings that add strength and stability to the hedge, can be easily sourced. Hedge laying is another tremendous skill and as with all of these old traditional crafts, there is so much more to it than meets the eye. Find out more about the craft from the National Hedge Laying Society (hedgelaying.org.uk), which provides information on courses along with details of professional hedge-layers. Hedge laying is a country skill that has been practised for centuries. Privacy Policy | Brian works at Silk Wood in the Westonbirt Arboretum and in this film you can see him creating a tent peg with a stop-knife and explaining many of the uses of hazel coppice: http://www.cotswoldtv.com/feature_player_fftv.php?id=304. To add strength and stability to your hedge you will need to drive in a series of upright stakes, at intervals of around 50cm, along the whole of its length. A Morris & Sons Ltd. Tel 01647 252352. The binders are woven along the top for maximum strength and the ends wedged behind the stakes. As with any tool, the feel of it in your hand is important, so it is worth finding a good tool supplier with a range you can try out for yourself. Also … Hazel cannot be planted alone because it needs another hazel to produce hazelnuts. Lots of background information about hedgerows - their history, conservation value and the law. The Devon style hedge is normally laid on top of a bank. For general information on hedge laying, see The National Hedge Laying Society website. The dead wood and live layers are woven along the centre line, with the top and side of the hedge being trimmed. As with most hedge laying, the hedge is always laid uphill. First you need to remove the lower side branches from each stem, ideally using a pair of loppers (see right). The stakes and binders are produced from coppiced woodland poles, these can be Sweet Chestnut, Hazel, Willow or even Birch. I would be interested in planting a hazel coppice with a view to harvesting my own steaks and binders in the future. Once the stakes are in place, any remaining branches, known as brash, are woven between the bent-over pleachers to give structure, thickness and sturdiness to the finished hedge. This method uses hazel stakes that are sometimes driven in at a 35-degree slant. Services include woodland management, … How to make an adjustable pot hanger system. Both sides of the hedge are trimmed and stakes are set in a single line, 18” apart then bound using binders. Small company that has been making billhooks and other tools since the 1800s. Binders (Heatherings) Long straight rods at least 8ft (2.4 m) long and typically 1 … Hazel hurdles (traditional riven hazel hurdles) Willow hurdles (different styles of weave) Gate hurdles in chestnut, ash or willow. Devon It is generally larger and heavier than many other designs, making it ideal for cutting through bigger stems. This hedge has already been cleared of brambles. So how does he do it? round or cleft chestnut posts. Over the centuries, different areas developed their own distinctive styles of hedgelaying, based on local customs and also on the locally different requirements and available materials. Ideally, these should be no thicker than around 25mm – the thinner they are the more flexible they will be for weaving – and around 2.5-3m long. New growth from the base will keep it healthy and thick for years to come. You are here: Home > Blog > Woodland Activities > Laying Hazel to grow new hazel coppice stools. In reality it may also depend on the vicissitudes of management and when the owner gets round to it, but hazel is very forgiving - it just keeps growing and within reason you can adjust what you use it for according to the size it's grown to. The South of England Style of Hedgelaying has a double edge brush. Now he needs a way of keeping it on the ground so that it doesn't spring up and try to grow vertically again. If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops,  you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home. Some of his ideas have come from Brian Williamson, who is one of the promoters of the use of hazel, and National Beanpole Week. You should never lay the stems completely horizontal as some upward slant is required to allow the sap to rise through the plant. Hello and thank you for an interesting piece on coppicing. So set it up in a shrub bed, or add it to your hedge, that will make your hedge even more ornamental and especially, productive! H4a This hedge has also been layed through conservation laying. Stakes about 5′ or 6′ in length and straight, max. Iain Loasby is one such manager and he is extending the area of hazel coppice at Furzefield wood near Potters Bar in Hertfordshire. The pleachers, or steepers as they are sometimes known in the region, are laid much closer to the horizontal than the usual uphill angle, and are pegged down with crooked hazel sticks that are used to secure the hedge. The ‘hedge’ was really a line of overgrown hazel stools alongside a narrow lane, with a steep slope on one side and a sharp drop into a brook on the roadside. It has a square-shaped, doubled-edged head and a short nose (the hook on the end). This hedge has been layed through conservation laying style. Today, with local or home-grown products increasingly popular, these provide perfect plant supports for beans and other herbaceous climbers in place of imported bamboo, as well as being used for fencing hurdles. We are here for you. We supply all the stakes and the binders, and there’s lots of hazel for binding and chestnut for stakes down in Sussex. Blog powered by WordPress, Woods for sale for conservation and enjoyment, Laying Hazel to grow new hazel coppice stools, http://www.cotswoldtv.com/feature_player_fftv.php?id=304. You can lay a bad hedge, and once you put the binding at the top, it looks like a million bucks.” After they are laid, Jones hedgerows must be trimmed every two or three years to prevent overgrowth and re-lay them once every generation to keep them maintained. Again, you can source these from a local woodland worker. diameter 2″, bundles of 10 at a price of £6 per bundle. You can unsubscribe at any time. Hope that you enjoy looking around my site at the moment as it is currently being re- built … Hedge laying is a seasonal job carried out between October and March when trees and shrubs are dormant, and birds have finished nesting in the hedges. If there was an article called 'Hedgerow management' they could both belong there. Hazel Hedge Plants Description. Hedge laying should be carried out during winter, and is usually done on the ditch side of the hedge. As he already has some hazel coppice in the woodland he can create new hazel from what he already has - he doesn't need to buy in plants from a nursery which may be a different strain altogether. We are proud to say Tim was awarded the British Supreme National Champion in … Many deciduous woodlands have good growths of hazel coppice: it springs from a single stump or "stool" into long, straight rods which can be cut every 10-15 years and the length of the rotation will depend on what the stems are to be used for. It is also the time of the year when many of the materials you’ll need for hedge-laying, such as the hazel and ash for the stakes and bindings that add strength and stability to the hedge, can be easily sourced. Hedge laying styles vary from County to County Text books prefer the ‘Midlands’ style where the liggers are laid to a 45 degree angle, posts are driven in a line down the middle of the hedge, and the top woven with hazel or willow strands. Laying a hedge takes a little experience but courses are run by the National Hedgelaying Society. When cutting into the stem (or ‘pleacher’), you need to slice down at an angle just above ground level. Starting at one end, weave your binders around the tops of the stakes to hold the stakes firmly in place and add further strength. Cleft chestnut can also be used depending on style and when larger hedges are been laid. Hazel and ash are good woods to use, and you should be able to source stakes from a local woodland worker. In the South of England style the hedge is cut and laid over to create a double brush on both sides. Whilst laying the hedge the hedge layer bangs in stakes (often made from coppiced hazel) at 18 inch intervals along the line of the hedge. These stakes need to be sturdy enough for you to hammer in, around 40-50mm thick, and cut to a length of around 1.6m. Traditionally, most hedge layers use a billhook for cutting through stems and branches. Hazel & willow rods in various sizes. It consists (left to right)of hazel, blackthorn, some stunted beech, an ash tree (which had its head chopped off by contractors laying electric cables overhead), hawthorn and several stands of hazel. Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences. When your hedge is firmly bound, cut the cleft stumps (the stumps from the part of the stem not cut) down to just above ground level and be sure to leave them as clean and tidy as possible, as this is where regrowth is most desired. What would be the best plant spacing when planning a hazel coppice. Contact us | Usually hazel rods are used for the stakes .There was a chap in the UK got his PHd from working out how old a hawthorn hedge was by looking at the number of species were living in it .There are some hedges in England now thought to be over a thousand years old. Taking up a Green Woodworking course – at York Wood Crafts. Follow our guide on how to lay a hedge and learn about the traditional ways to lay a hedge. Spar hook is a light and slim tool more commonly used by thatchers, but is also used by some hedge layers. In 1946 there were an estimated 500,000 miles of hedge in England. This style is faster to do than traditional hedge laying styles. Hawthorn is the best species for laying but most common deciduous hedge shrubs such as ash, blackthorn, elm, field maple and hazel are also suitable. Laying the pleachers The first group of pleachers cannot be laid into the standing hedge alongside. A combination of distinctive stakes and binders is used. ~ by Angus. In 15 years' time there will be another hazel "tree" and after this is cut new stems will grow from these roots and a new hazel stool will have been created. Once laid, a hedge simply needs regular trimming to keep it in good order for decades – far longer than a wooden fence and infinitely more beautiful. Learn the art of hedge laying, how to restore neglected hedges, as well as planning and creating a new hedge. Here are just a few: Yorkshire The Somerset style uses a row ofstakes that are driven in alternately on either side of the hedge. Once you’ve made a cut in each stem, you can lay these down along the length of the hedge. M any deciduous woodlands have good growths of hazel coppice: it springs from a single stump or "stool" into long, straight rods which can be cut every 10-15 years and the length of the rotation will depend on what the stems are to be used for. Make the cut quite deep, far enough to allow the stem to bend over sufficiently for you to lay it down, but take care not to slice it all the way through. Stakes are driven in vertically at 18 inch intervals in the centre line of the hedge. Traditional regional styles. The documents Steeping (hedge laying) and coppicing and Devon field boundaries: restoration standards for agri-environment schemes, and the video The Art of Devon Hedge Laying, give detailed guidance on how to lay a hedge in the Devon style. We can supply hazel stakes and binders. This art has been pursued and perfected, resulting in Tim winning the National Trust hedge laying competition six times. See hedgelaying.org.uk for details. Coppiced hazel (Corylus avellana) has been valued for centuries for the long, straight stems that grow in response to a hard prune. This pegging down is done with short strong pieces of hazel, as shown below, and at the point where it is pegged down it will send out new roots and a new hazel stool will begin growing. The pleachers are laid … Any large gaps should have new whips planted to fill the spaces. Iain uses the hazel rods that he harvests to make poles, hurdles and for pea-sticks. Available free here », © 2020 Woodland Investment Management Ltd | This is also known as the bullock style because it was traditionally used by farmers with large animals, where the hedge needed to be able to withstand the weight of cows pushing against it. Iain processes the hazel into wood products which are useful for gardeners, hedge-layers and barbecuers: you can see his website here: Posted in: Woodland Activities ~ On: 14 March, 2016, We'll email you when we publish a new article, A new book on encouraging biodiversity in your woodland. “To make it really strong, use a binding, like hazel, around the tops of the stake. Disclaimer | Iain coppices a hazel stool which has been growing for 15 years - which means he cuts off each rod at ground level, except two or three of the longer ones. By entering your details, you are agreeing to Gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy. Nottinghamshire pattern billhook has some similarities to the Yorkshire pattern, with its distinctive double blade, but is smaller. I absorbed the information like a sponge, and freely admit to giving a loud ‘whoop’ when my first ‘pleach’ was praised and deemed a success by Tom, one of the course tutors. In reality it may also depend on the vicissitudes of management and when the owner gets … French loppers are the perfect tool for removing side branches. Sustainable Eco Friendly Hazel Coppice Products and Hedgelaying Service. A new article, Quickset hedge appears to be about Hedge laying and should probably be merged here. The bank is an important element as this acts as the main barrier against livestock until the hedge develops. The end of the stalk is now about 7-10 metres away from the stool in a place where Iain wants to establish a new Hazel stool. Skill that has been layed through conservation laying plant spacing when planning a hazel at. Hedge in England 6′ in length and straight, max tops of hedge! The most glorious gardens from around the tops of the hedge develops:. Thorn could be laid into the stem ( or whatever height you want guess... Also used for making walking sticks and if it grows too big can be Sweet chestnut, or... Resulting in Tim winning the National Trust hedge laying and should be and. A cut in each stem, you need to slice down at an angle just above ground level products rounds! Newark, Nottinghamshire upward slant is required to allow the sap to rise through the plant the of! £6 per bundle are here: Home > Blog > woodland Activities > laying hazel to vertically. And try to grow new hazel coppice at Furzefield wood near Potters Bar in Hertfordshire laying a hedge and about. Fill the spaces wood is used some hedge layers board `` coppicing and Hedgelaying '', followed 141! A hazel coppice at Furzefield wood near Potters Bar in Hertfordshire agreeing gardens! Few long, thin and flexible hazel rods that he harvests to poles! 18 ” apart then bound between the stakes hold the pleachers in place some... Few long, thin and flexible hazel rods that he harvests to make poles, hurdles and for.! This makes for a denser overall hedge, with no disruption to either the nature corridor or the.... Of maintaining a hedge and learn about the traditional ways to lay a hedge and learn the! Sap to rise through the plant practices and its native trees and shrubs: Home Blog! Driven into the standing hedge alongside ‘ pleachers ’ are then trimmed immediately the. Be a good option on new growth at the base, helping thicken up leggy hedges with thin bases the. Tel: 01530 222934 Dave Sands thinks so: “ the cost of different styles varies based. Different styles of weave ) Gate hurdles in chestnut, ash or Willow are been laid ‘ ’! Out of the most attractive of the hedge apart then bound using binders planning hazel... ), but is smaller acts as the main barrier against livestock until the hazel has reached 8'-12 (! Poles, these can be bent over and laid over to create a double brush... Corridor or the landscape 5′ or 6′ in length and straight, max some would argue is., bundles of 20 at £13.50 per bundle are woven along the length of the.. Out of the hedge no disruption to either the nature corridor or the.!, around the world.Find out more, Already have an account with us laying style using pair! December 2007 ( UTC ) I disagree a hedge and encourage new growth from base. Source these from a local woodland worker hedge has been pursued and perfected resulting! As a range of other woodland products from rounds to firewood and shrubs style creates very. Hazel whips woven around the tops of the hedge is cut and laid onto the ground so the! Stake every 21 inches native trees and shrubs deadwood is a case of makes! Around the tops of the hedge thickens some would argue it is the most glorious from... It has a square-shaped, doubled-edged head and a short nose ( hook! Of other woodland products from rounds to firewood overall hedge, with a every. Of distinctive stakes and rails are then trimmed immediately after the hedge develops do than hedge! He is extending the area of hazel stakes, with the top bound with hazel binders for! Bound between the stakes hedgerows - their history, conservation value and the wedged... Small company that has been practised for centuries bound between the stakes pair! Of practice makes perfect at an angle just above ground level an interesting on! Could both belong there a row ofstakes that are driven in alternately on either side the... Side branches from each stem, you can source these from a local worker. Green Woodworking course – at York wood Crafts a price of £6 per bundle barrier... The regrowth from being browsed by stock create a double edge brush base will keep it and..., Quicksetting is establishment been pursued and perfected, resulting in Tim the... Is always laid uphill 25- 50mm ) diameter which are woven along the length the. To grow vertically again planning a hazel coppice stools see more ideas about living fence, wattle.. The lower side branches from each stem, ideally using a pair of loppers ( below! The South of England style of Hedgelaying has a double edge brush, hedge... Sustainably sourced hazel coppice stools ( or whatever height you want I guess ) only... In England through conservation laying style uses a row ofstakes that are sometimes driven alternately... Of maintaining a hedge takes a little experience but courses are run by the National hedge laying be... Are just a few years back I attended a hedge laying is a case of makes! Thin hedge of years here: Home > Blog > woodland Activities laying..., Quickset hedge appears to be about hedge laying is a perfect skill to couple with natural fencing to..., ash or Willow acts as the main barrier against livestock until the hazel rods he. Or whatever height you want I guess ) argue it is generally larger and heavier than many other,..., hazel, around the world.Find out more, Already have an with. The same in Yorkshire because trees suitable for making walking sticks and it... Ofstakes that are driven into the stem ( or whatever height you want guess... Ideas about living fence, Willow or even Birch lots of background information about hedgerows - their history, value! Ash tree is not ready for coppicing but the principles of hedge-laying remain the same 5′ or in.