Consider the following situation: A small hospital has five dying patients who need organ transplants. If there was a natural disaster in one’s community and they could save their own child or two other children that are not theirs, it would naturally be a difficult question to answer-where utilitarianism and Kantianism provide possible answers. Does this mean that because you are not inclined to kill, you are not amoral person because your duty is not pulling you away from your inclinations ? I believe that rule utilitarianism is better than kantianism because it is reasonable to assume consequences and humans are too complex to strictly follow the categorical imperative. Another strength of Kantianism is it is consistent. • While the greatest good alone is stressed by Consequentialists, utilitarian stresses on greatest good for the greatest number of people. Many have questioned whether a qualified rule is any less universalizable than one that is unqualified. 37)? Get Your Custom Essay on, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the, Compare And Contrast Utilitarianism With Kant MID TERM. Kantianism and Utilitarianism are ethical philosophies that give moral guidance to individual actions and decisions. When data is scarce, Kantian theory offers more precision than utilitarianism because one can generally determine if somebody is being used as a mere means, even if … 2. What is Utilitarianism      – Definition, Theory, Characteristics 3. In egoism, the individual has a greater value than others, thus it is ethical to act in one's own self-interest even if it may potentially harm others. Therefore, it is the consequences of these actions that should be considered when determining the morality of the actions. Kantianism is a deontological theory developed by Immanuel Kant. Human beings live in a society that is defined by their moral obligations, and Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are the two theories that attempt one to define this nature of humanity. Accordingly, the main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a … Philosophy: Deontology vs. Utilitarianism In this paper I will discuss why I feel Deontology (Immanuel Kant's philosophy) is more correct than Utilitarianism (John Stuart Mill), as applied to a specific issue. 1. In utilitarianism, the most ethical action may be that which harms the individual agent but maximizes the positive impact for the most people overall, essentially placing the emphasis on the whole as opposed to the individual. Utilitarianism can be best seen as the "conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with a goal of making better, extending or refining the beliefs in the same way." Accordingly, Kantianism is considered the opposite philosophy of Utilitarianism. and a Kantian might act and why. Moreover, he further explained that humans, being rational beings, should use their reasoning ability or rational thinking when making ethical decisions. “California State University Sacramento, Available here. Also, this theory was developed as a result of an attempt to direct the lawmakers of England to consider the common good rather than the welfare of their social class when formulating laws. • Utilitarianism combines the aspects of hedonism and consequentialism. Get a verified writer to help you with Utilitarianism vs Kantianism – moral assistance. According to Kantianism, action should be motivated by goodwill and duty and the morality of an action is not measured by its consequences. our expert writers, Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample, Hi, my name is Jenn Consequentialism may violate such laws. Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological theory while utilitarianism is a teleological theory. Is the doctor … On the other hand, Utilitarianism believe that we should do actions that produce the greatest amount of happiness. In these situations, utilitarianism may allow the sacrifice if it maximizes utility, but Kantianism will never allow such a sacrifice because it treats a person as a means. Moreover, Kantianism is postulated by Immanuel Kant while Utilitarianism is postulated by Jeremy Bentham, John Sturt Mill, Henry Sidgwick, et al. Kantianism is better than Utilitarianism. 3. Virtue Ethics derives the rightness or wrongness of one's conduct from the character of the behavior itself rather than the outcomes of the conduct. Both utilitarianism and Kantianism provide people with a moral structure, from which moral decisions are made. Retrieved from SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/aquinas_rs/strengths-of-utilitarianism, Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism. x. Kantianism has more universally accepted appeal than Consequentialism. What are the key concepts of utilitarianism? According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. This first strength can be linked to the quality of universability that Kantian ethics possesses. Peter took his son to the doctor and found out that his son needs a very expensive surgery. This is a system that aims to create a happier life for all individuals in a situation. No Rest Objection There is an infinite set of possible acts to choose from, so you could always be doing a better act than what you are currently doing. Peter is a father and his son is very sick. (2016, Aug 18). Virtue Ethics vs Utilitarianism. (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings. Since Kantian Ethics is universalised to all humans, it suggests that all humans should be treated equally under the same ethical system. Help, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. Kantian Moral Theory I agree with Kantian moral theory instead of utilitarianism because I find Kantian reasoning to be more agreeable than utilitarianism. For this and other reasons, many thinkers have advocated a second type of moral theory, deontological ethics. According to Kant, we should look at our maxims, or intentions, of the particular action. Since the beginning of recorded human history, people have been obsessed with personal fulfillment. Virtue Ethics vs Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism. Though people tend to consider the two terms Utilitarianism and Deontology as similar, there are certain differences between the two terms. According to Kant, the value of human beings is absolute and all us must try to further the interests of others and treat them with respect . ... a country which respects the human rights to life and liberty is likely to be happier than one which permits the abuse of the weak. These principles are the good will, establishing morality by reasoning alone, categorical imperative, duty rather than inclination, and summary and illustration. Keywords: utilitarianism, Kantianism, strengths, weaknesses, moral structure. Both Kantianism and utilitarianism are ethical theories that express the ethical standard of an action. Deontology vs. Utilitarianism THE RIGHT CHOICE Deontology is an ethical theory, which states actions should be performed according a previously ranked set of values (Johnson, 1996). Utilitarianism demonstrates fairness and has the desire to benefit the majority of people. Better: Having good qualities in a greater degree than another moral: an ethical motive: motivation based on ideas of right and wrong I will start with placing a case now 1)Utilitarianism is a bad system of ethics Accoridng to the utilitarian principle, the correct action will produce the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people. ii. This is a system which seeks to minimise pain, which is easier to define and measure than pleasure. On the other hand, Kant postulated his theory, Kantianism that offers … Ethics: Theory and Practice 11th ed. viii. “John Stuart Mill by London Stereoscopic Company, c1870” By London Stereoscopic Company – Hulton Archive (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. that emphasizes that the morality of an action/decision as determined by its consequences. Rule utilitarianism makes utilitarianism a metaethical standpoint. Also the Kant theory can be harsh at times. Euthanasia is one of the issues that different philosophers have discussed in length. • Modern democracies are all about utilitarianism as they aim to bring the greatest amount of … Here, we've pre-calculated courses of action and then work from these results. 53). Both of these theories were introduced during the 18 th century. compared to utilitarianism and Kantianism, virtue ethics did a better job at solving the conflic t which in my view is necessary for any legi timate moral theor y. i. Likewise, Kant described two fundamental questions to consider when one is doing any action: The main reason for Kant to not consider the consequences of actions when determining its morality is that he believed that actions such as theft, lying, murder, crimes etc. Act-based utilitarianism is the preferable form of utilitarianism because it focuses on the action and its expected utility – the essence of utilitarianism. In many situation there isn’t time to ask if this is for the good of the individual, we simply must act in the best way we know how to. “Kantian Ethics. Kantianism and utilitarianism have different ways for determining whether an act we do is right or wrong. This decision rule is essentially that of act utilitarianism – perform whatever action leads to utility maximisation in a given situation. Although utilitarianism could use some work, the basic principles of the theory are much more practical to apply to the real world compared to kantianism. But these acts are clearly immoral regardless of how fruitful they might be for the greatest number. On April 28, 2017 March 5, 2020 By Aimee Horsley In Essay Tips and Techniques, Ethics New Spec. Retrieved from Wikipedia: www.wikipedia.org Polly, J. More importantly, he emphasized that duty should be the fundamental aspect one should consider when doing an action. "Kantianism" in ethics, even just in normative ethics, can mean a whole bunch of things. Summary. 2009, Available here. Respecting people’s rationality means holding them accountable for their actions . Kantianism is the ethical theory put forward by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) in the 18th century. x. Kantianism has more universally accepted appeal than Consequentialism. 451). Another weakness of Kant’s theory is what happens when your inclinations and duties are the same? (2009, November 6). Utilitarianism vs Deontology . Utilitarianism Vs. Kantianism. ix. Since Kantian Ethics is universalised to all humans, it suggests that all humans should be treated equally under the same ethical system. It would be almost impossible to conduct any type of method of moral education for the young. Concept of Consequentialism as ethical theory is based upon nature of consequences be it utility, welfare, or pleasure. Essay, Ask Writer For Utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned. Thus, under utilitarianism, the morally correct decision/action is what produces greater pleasure or happiness for the doer as well as for others. https://graduateway.com/utilitarianism-vs-kantianism/, Get your custom • On the other hand, Kantianism says that the end does not justify means. Also contrary to Utilitarianism, Kantianism asserts that the moral worth of an action should be judged on its motive and the action itself, and not on its consequences. Ethical Egoism Ethical egoism, also known simply as egoism, holds that moral conduct ought to be judged through self-interest. Difference Between Positivism and Realism, What is the Difference Between Nylon and Polyester Carpet, What is the Difference Between Running Shoes and Gym Shoes, What is the Difference Between Suet and Lard, What is the Difference Between Mace and Nutmeg, What is the Difference Between Marzipan and Fondant, What is the Difference Between Currants Sultanas and Raisins, Kantianism and Utilitarianism were introduced during the 18. Kantianism VS Utilitarianism I would like to preface this by saying that I personally subscribe to the theory of utilitarianism when it comes to ethics, but I've been trying to broaden my horizons. The two sources of moral assistance are the matching theories of Kantianism and Utilitarianism, both normative moral theories, meaning they deal with how we understand what is right or wrong. Pecorino, Philip A. What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism       – Comparison of Key Differences, Ethics, Morals, Kantianism, Utilitarianism, Theories, Philosophy. The theory gives us a system that could be understood by a child. Kant’s theory contains several ethical principles. Accordingly, even if the intention of the action/decision is not moral, if that particular action results in providing greater happiness for others, then it is ethical and morally right under utilitarianism. However, these two philosophies take on different standpoints on ethics. Driver, Julia. Utilitarianism is an ethical system that proposes that the greatest useful goodness for the greatest number of people and Kantianism suggests that the morally correct action is an absolute, unconditional requirement that allows no exceptions, and is both required and justified as an end in itself, not as a means to some other end . 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