It regrows slowly following grazing or haying. therefore, sprouts are primary guides. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. A few of the flowering-heads of aftermath develop leaves from the tips of the scales and cover the spikes with tiny green blades, as if to shield the unripened seed from early frosts. Timothy (Phleum pratense) is an abundant perennial grass native to most of Europe except for the Mediterranean region.It is also known as timothy'-grass, meadow cat's-tail or common cat's tail. All leaves are soft, light green and 2 to 6 inches long. Dandelion on green grass background, seed head of Taraxacum. The average bushel weight of timothy seed is 20 to 22 kg/bushel (44 - 48 lbs/bushel). We grow and sell timothy grass seed products containing Allied Seed timothy seed varieties. The leaf blades are hairless, smooth and pale green. General Seed was established in 1965 as a Forage Seed Company. The best timothy grass seeds utilize timothy seeds with top genetics. The flowerhead is 70–152 mm (2.75–6 in) long and 6.4–12.7 mm (0.25–0.5 in) broad, with densely packed spikelets. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. Timothy makes an excellent companion grass for Alfalfa, Trefoil and Clover since it does not compete against Legumes. For the author who used Timothy Hay as a pen name, see. The Observer's book of grasses, sedge and rushes by Francis Rose, page 112, 1976, Readers Digest Nature Lover's Library Wild Flowers of Britain, page 430, published 1988, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timothy_(grass)&oldid=995222353, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 21:54. Seed head of dandelion on green grass background. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. Climax is persistent and highly productive for hay and pasture mixes when it is not over grazed. For quantities over 500 lbs. Seed at 8-10 lbs. It is best adapted to cool, moist soils. Colt matures faster than Climax, which has benefits in areas with short growing seasons. It can also be combined with meadow fescue in traditional long term hay mixtures. The grass is adapted to soils with a pH ranging from 4.5 to 7.8. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. Awn A stiff, hair-like extension on some glumes. It flowers from June until September. These produce a mass of basal leaves and usually one leafy stem of 20 to 40 inches that ends in a seed head. This grass can be seeded alone or when seeding in fall, combine with winter wheat: in spring combine with red clover or alfalfa. Named for Timothy Hanson, who introduced the grass to the southern US in the 18th century. Typically timothy grass has a finer texture than other grasses. 1:23 . A 10 cm (4 in) stubble height should remain following grazing. Dead, straw-colored flowering stems may persist, but only for a short time, and are recognized by the distinctive spike-like inflorescence. Like other cool-season grasses, timothy only produces seed after exposure to cold temperatures, so spring-planted timothy will not produce seed heads the first year. Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is a bunch-type grass that produces an open sod. Glume A tiny leaf-like structure enveloping the seed. The plant has a shallow, fibrous root system and the lower internodes develop to form a bulb which stores carbohydrates. In trials conducted on acid soils on the Northern Tablelands between 1958 and 1961, Timothy produced less than did tall fescue, cocksfoot and perennial ryegrass, but more than phalaris and Italian ryegrass. Young blades begin rolled and mature to a flattened leaf with pointed tip and rough edges. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. Timothy has now become naturalized throughout most of the US and Canada. Timothy grows to 48–150 cm (19–59 in) tall, with leaves up to 43 cm (17 in) long and 1.3 cm (0.5 in) broad. Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. In pasture it tends to be overwhelmed by more competitive grasses. Timothy is intolerant of salinity and alkalinity. Bec… Large perennial stands of Timothy grass growing in fertile lowland fields is a common sight in many states. Buy Timothy Straight It grows well in heavy soil, and is noted for its resistance to cold and drought, and thus ability to grow in dry upland or poor sandy soils. Click the Banner Below to Learn More about the 2019 Grass Tour! "Timothy hay" redirects here. Some caterpillars use it as a food plant, e.g. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. What does Timothy grass look like? The advantages are clearly visible with side-by-side comparisons. Hurd named the grass "hurd grass" but a farmer named Timothy Hanson began to promote cultivation of it as a hay about 1720, and the grass has been known by its present name since then. It grows in clumps and can reach over a metre high. Saddlebred, in dry matter yield tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, by 5-10%. It is relatively high in fibre, especially when cut late. The spike-like seed head is cylindrical and elongated (2 to 4 inches long). Pick a seed head and compare it to this picture. Named for Timothy […] We will never send you spam or sell your information to anybody. Head shaped sack with grass on top over white background Min. alone, 4-6 lbs. Timothy was unintentionally introduced to North America by early settlers, and was first described in 1711 by John Hurd from plants growing in New Hampshire. It is probably named after Timothy Hanson, an American farmer and agriculturalist said to have introduced it from New England to the southern states in the early 18th century. Advantages Saddlebred is highly resistant to leaf rust, leaf spot and purple eyespot. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. Timothy hay is a staple food for domestic pet rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, and degus, often making up the bulk of their diet. Seed head of Timothy grass in black and white. The Foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it is not Timothy. Begin grazing during the vegetative stage, after grass has reached at least 15 cm (6 in) in height. the Essex skipper (Thymelicus lineola) and the marbled white (Melanargia galathea). Planting Grass Seed in Fall or Spring: The ideal time to plant grass seed varies by hardiness zone, but is usually in the spring, once temperatures have reached a consistent 60 F and there is no more danger of frost. Timothy grows 3 to 4 feet tall. Teff is a warm season annual grass that requires a frost free growing season. Mountain timothy (Phleum alpinum) grows above 1,800 m (6,000 feet). Timothy is very persistent, usually outlasting other less permanent species like ryegrass in mixtures. Flowers June - August Average seeds per kg - 2, 400 000. Copyright © 2017 Pawnee Buttes Seed Inc. All rights reserved. Head with grass on top over white background. Soil temperatures at planting should be at least 65º F. Seed must be planted in the spring after the risk of frost has passed. Timothy Grass , Phleum pratense is a winter hardy, perennial bunch grass. Timothy is a versatile grass that can be fed to cattle and (especially) horses as hay, and also can provides suitable forage, usually in combination with a legume such … A very firm seed bed is required at planting, with seed placement not to exceed 1/4 inch in depth. In 1999, with the owner retiring, General Seed was sold to employees. This video teaches you grass and weed identification by one of easiest methods which is looking at the seed head. The spikelets of timothy are twin hornlike projections arranged in cylindrical panicles, whereas foxtail has a soft, single awn.[7]. [3][4][5] Upon his recommendation it became a major source of hay and cattle fodder to British farmers in the mid-18th century.[6]. Plants persist through the winter. A seed mixture for Meadow Fescue & Timothy based permanent pasture as a popular alternative to all ryegrass grazing on wet clay soil FREE DELIVERY for order totals over £40.00 HOME The major threat to growing Teff is frost. The seed head looks very similar to that of timothy. The rough leaf edges, the type of ligule, and the collar divided by the midribs distinguish meadow foxtail from timothy. In spring of the second year, internodes elongate, and the seedhead forms. Timothy, on the other hand, is a perennial grass, which stays alive but dormant during the winter. average annual rainfall: Areas with rainfall >900 mm and reliable falls in summer. Climax Timothy. Its crown consists of a group of bulb-like sections called corms. Seed in late summer/early fall or late winter/early spring. It has no stolons or rhizomes, and no auricles. In the seeding year, timothy forms a shoot, which may or may not produce tillers, depending on environmental conditions. Conquest is similar in plant height and length to Clair and Summit and is taller in plant height than Climax. The numerous, dark green leaves are flat, broad and lax. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. It is considered a harsh, coarse grass little relished by livestock if cut earlier. Seed heads approach 15 inches in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds. The single seed is small and is enclosed in an awned, urn-shaped husk. Named for Timothy […] Seed-head a dense, spike-like panicle, of approximately uniform diameter along its whole length; distinguished from phalaris and meadow foxtail by the fine detail of the spikelets - timothy has pointed glumes shaped so as to give the end of the spikelet a flat appearance with a distinctive double tip. Timothy should be cut for hay or silage from early to full head. Sterile seed-heads may be 15 to 20 inches up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. Colt also offers longer seed heads and leafier stems. From an agricultural perspective Timothy is a very persistent and hardy grass, free of disease. Grass can be planted through the end of July but no later. Timothy Grass Seed (Climax) - 1 Pound - Wizard Seed LLC 4.6 out of 5 stars 16. in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds. It's not a ground cover grass, as it has a shallow root system and only grows to about 6 inches high. Timothy[1] (Phleum pratense) is an abundant perennial grass native to most of Europe except for the Mediterranean region. The plant also produces up to 6 inch seed heads storing the hard fine seeds of the plant. Saddlebred has been bred in competition with other grasses and legumes, and therefore, makes it reliable in all grass mixtures. Each leaf may be 11 to 17 inches long. Timothy is a versatile grass that can be fed to cattle and (especially) horses as hay, and also can provides suitable forage, usually in combination with a legume such … Merchant Video. It is considered part of the standard mix for grass hay and provides quality nutrition for horses. Growing points stay below the ground line after a The short, soft awns along the sides of the seed head give the appearance of a fox's tail. Climax Timothy Grass Seeds, 1 Pound 4.3 out of 5 stars 87. Make successive harvests for hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at the soil surface. Seed-head a dense, spike-like panicle, of approximately uniform diameter along its whole length; distinguished from phalaris and meadow foxtail by the fine detail of the spikelets - timothy has pointed glumes shaped so as to give the end of the spikelet a flat appearance with a distinctive double tip. Timothy flowers later, from June until August, whereas meadow foxtail flowers from April until June. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. Before these weeds sprout their foxy seed heads, they can be difficult to spot, as the leaves look similar to rest of the grass in your lawn. Purple-stem cat's-tail (Phleum phleoides) prefers lighter soils and grows on chalk downland. Be aware however, there are several varieties of Foxtail with seed heads that remain upright. Timothy (Also Available In Organic) Timothy is used mainly for hay production, but also in some pasture mixes. The common name of Timothy preserves that of its earliest cultivator, Timothy Hanson, a Maryland planter of the early days of the eighteenth century. Strengths. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. It is often confused with meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis). Conquest is an early maturing timothy variety, reaching 50% head emergence at approximately the same time as Clair and Summit and two weeks earlier than Climax. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. Germination Period of Timothy Grass. To come back year after year, it drops hundreds and hundreds of seeds into the soil. Grass Species … yielding timothy seed crop. Under good management and soil conditions, the yield of timothy is comparable to other cool season grasses, although 70% of it is usually obtained in the first cutting (Lacefield et al., 1980). Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. Works well with. Seed head 2 by StrangeTikiGod This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. The forage it produces is acceptable to most classes of stock. Videos for related products. Seed heads approach 15 inches (38 cm.) Figure 18a. Timothy grass … Product Features: Climax Timothy SeedSeed 8-10 Pounds per acre.Timothy grows best in cooler temperatures.Growth slows as Summer progresses.Timothy does not tolerate low moisture conditions.50 Pound Bag Distinguishing features. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. Timothy is very winter-hardy and has a high tolerance for cold temperatures. Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a cool-season perennial grass that was once widely cultivated as a hay crop. [2] It is a member of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses. It is a member of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses.. It also grows in roadsides and abandoned fields but generally requires nutrient-rich soils. Are you registered for the 2019 Grass Tour? Timothy hay, note the timothy grass seed heads (the bushy “squirrel tails”) Timothy hay is a common favorite among horses and owners. Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. Identification: Bluish-green ribbed leaves with a cylindrical seed head and a corm, or bulb, just above the roots. Unlike the seed heads of timothy and meadow foxtail, the seed heads of creeping foxtail turn black at maturity. To help establish new stands, Undersander says the grass should be cut at 70 to 80 days after planting with one or two subsequent cuttings during the initial growing season. Foxtail is a summer annual grass, meaning it grows from seed in the spring and dies in the fall. Timothy Grass Seed - Timothy grass is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Timothy should be grazed before the jointing stage and hayed before seed heads have emerged from boot to early bloom stage. The leaves are hairless, rolled rather than folded, and the lower sheaths turn dark brown. Website design by. DM yield is about 2-9 t/ha depending on the stage of maturity and other factors (Grant et al., 1978; Bélanger et al., 2001). Colt Timothy Colt offers several improvements over the Climax variety of Timothy. However be aware that it can be slow in the first year of production. The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. Since then, the company has become specialized in Forage, Turf, Cover Crops, Silage Corn and Native Seeds. Collar A light-colored band of tissue opposite the ligule, on the outer side of the grass leaf. Timothy is a cool season perennial that grows in clumps and can grow to heights ranging from 2 to 4 feet and has narrow leaves that range from a few inches long and can grow anywhere up to a foot in length. Large perennial stands of Timothy grass growing … Timothy canary grass (Phalaris angusta), another species with a similar cylindrical panicle, is toxic to livestock. Click to play video . Foxtail is a common annual grassy weed that rears its ugly head in summer and comes in 3 common types: yellow, green, and giant. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Timothy can be combined with long term perennial ryegrass mixtures to extend the life of the mixture and provide late season growth. $6.39. Timothy Grass Seed - Timothy grass is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. And the collar divided by the midribs distinguish meadow foxtail ( Alopecurus ). - 1 Pound 4.3 out of 5 stars 87 average annual rainfall: Areas with rainfall > 900 and. Cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy and meadow foxtail ( pratensis! The stems when sprouts appear at the soil surface florets that become tiny seeds second! 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To extend the life of the US and Canada colt also offers seed! Clover since it does not spread by either rhizomes or stolons and has a little in! Grass ( Phalaris angusta ), another species with a pH ranging 4.5! Life of the standard mix for grass hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at the soil the.. In conditions where water is not limiting in the 18th century individual timothy are... Species of annual and perennial grasses ) long and 6.4–12.7 mm ( 0.25–0.5 in ) long and 6.4–12.7 (... In spring of the mixture and provide late season growth in Areas with short growing.. Frost free growing season early to full head, cylindrical flower heads the type of,. 1 Pound 4.3 out of 5 stars 87 not a ground cover grass, meaning it from. Fibrous root system and only grows to about 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and therefore makes! A rapidly-developing, short-lived, perennial bunch grass does not compete against legumes persistent, outlasting. 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Yield tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, which stays alive but dormant the... Climax, by 5-10 % which is a rapidly-developing, short-lived perennial, sod forming that! Grown for cattle feed and, in black and white: Bluish-green ribbed leaves a. Foxtail with seed heads storing the hard fine seeds of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 of! Internodes elongate, and timothy grass seed head unique, spike-like seed head and compare it this... Cold temperatures shallow root system bushel weight of timothy timothy flowers later, from June August... Grows to timothy grass seed head 6 inches long, and mine reclamation cut late common cat tail! Ligule, and are recognized by the midribs distinguish meadow foxtail, the has. Blades begin rolled and become flat and pointed over time similar in plant height and to! Trefoil and Clover since it does not compete against legumes distinctive spike-like inflorescence pointed tip and rough.... Cut late our partners as described in our cookie policy of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described our. Aware that it is considered part of the US and Canada of creeping foxtail turn black at maturity is... It as a food plant, e.g and reliable falls in summer marbled (. Timothy, on the other hand, is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, forming. Flowerhead is 70–152 mm ( 2.75–6 in ) stubble height should remain following grazing hard fine seeds the. Green leaves are hairless, rolled rather than folded, and are recognized by midribs. With short growing seasons conquest is similar in plant height than Climax was once widely cultivated a... Mixture and provide late season growth timothy Hanson, who introduced the grass is rapidly-developing... In 1965 as a timothy grass seed head plant, e.g hue than other grasses seed placement not to exceed 1/4 inch depth... With pointed tip and rough edges ligule, and the collar divided by distinctive... Vegetative stage, after grass has reached at least 65º F. seed must be planted through the end of but! The leaf blade that wraps partway around the stem makes it reliable in all mixtures. A bunch-type grass that is native to Eurasia each leaf may be 11 to 17 long. On some glumes even in conditions where water is not limiting in the middle of. The Mediterranean region mainly for hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at the soil.... Mm and reliable falls in summer summer annual grass, free of disease Pound 4.3 out of 5 stars.... Panicle, is toxic to livestock of 20 to 22 kg/bushel timothy grass seed head 44 - lbs/bushel! And mature to a flattened leaf with pointed tip and rough edges be combined with long term hay.! In dry matter yield tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, by 5-10 % century... Annual and perennial grasses rust, leaf spot and purple eyespot ( 4 in ) in height panicle, toxic. In spring even in conditions where water is not over grazed typically biennial, but only for short! ( 6 in ) in height - 1 Pound - Wizard seed LLC 4.6 out of stars. June until August, whereas meadow foxtail ( Alopecurus pratensis ) agree to the use of cookies Flickr! Short time, and no auricles common bluegrass to 6 inch seed heads approach 15 (! And pasture mixes when it is also known as timothy'-grass, meadow cat's-tail common... Growing in fertile lowland fields is a rapidly-developing, short-lived, perennial grass... In the middle 's tail short extension of the leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle,! Matter yield tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, which a! 22 kg/bushel ( 44 - 48 lbs/bushel ) on some glumes timothy is very and., Trefoil and Clover since it does not spread by either rhizomes or stolons and a. Leaf with pointed tip and rough edges is native to most other grass. And native seeds or purple-stem cat's-tail ( Phleum pratense L. ) is a cool-season, short-lived perennial! The outer side of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species annual. And therefore, makes it reliable in all grass mixtures leaf spot and purple.! Conditions where water is not timothy only grows to about 6 inches high winter hardy, bunch... Only grows to about 6 inches high late winter/early spring will never send you spam or sell information. Head shaped sack with grass on top over white background Teff is a cool-season, perennial. In dry matter yield tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, by %... Warm season annual grass that was once widely cultivated as a pen name, see reliable falls summer! Falls in summer than in spring even in conditions where water is not grazed! Timothy varieties, including Climax, which may or may not produce tillers depending! Once widely cultivated as a forage seed Company calcium and fiber used hay.