Click here to view video. blister beetle. Buy alfalfa hay from a reputable dealer or grower. The American Quarter Horse Journal, 136–141. As little as four (4) to six (6) grams of blister beetles can be deadly to an 1100 lb. New Mexico has at least 28 species in eight genera; some that are found in alfalfa in New Mexico are shown in Figures 8A through 8H. (Photograph courtesy of Patricia Monk. The importance of scouting alfalfa fields cannot be overemphasized. – a female solitary bee, according to a year 2000 San Francisco State University news release, “‘Spanish Fly’ Beetles Use Sex and Subterfuge to Infiltrate Bee’s Nests.”  Collectively, with the precision of a military band, they march to the tip of their host plant stem, where they pose provocatively as a single female bee, displaying a phony sexuality, luring lusty male bees. British Medical Journal, 2, 1386–1388. It should be destroyed by burning or burying. Poisoning by cantharidin. 1934. In New Mexico, adult blister beetles usually emerge from the soil about mid-May and begin to search for food and mates. Ray, A.C., L.O. Blister Beetle. page to Post, J.M. Balduf, W.V. Two features are fairly consistent for most species of blister beetles: Blister beetles range from 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long. Her program focuses on integrated pest management of insect pests of alfalfa, pecan, and cotton, including biological control of alfalfa weevil and pecan nut casebearer, development of economic thresholds, and variation in plant resistance. Hatch Green Chile (Capsicum annuum). MY ACCOUNT LOG IN; Join Now | Member Log In. Kinney, K.K., F.B. Peppers : New Mexico Hatch Green Chiles. Moore, R.W. Blister beetles might congregate near field edges. Pathology of blister beetles (Epicauta) poisoning in horses. The blister beetle … Roif, Jr. 1984. Chemical Control Recommendations for Alfalfa Producers Limited insecticides screening has been done . Blow fly 3. Parker, J.B. and A.G. Böving. Horse owners can avoid some problems with blister beetles by considering the following: Bahme, A.J. Couldn’t get it’s lovely face, it kept running away. The first-stage larvae of many species of Epicauta are active, long-legged insects (called triungulin larvae) that forage for grasshopper eggs. 1934. find information about all kinds of birds, snakes, mammals, spiders and more! * Camel cricket 6. View Video about The Black Widow Spider. #blister beetle #beetle #Meloe #Meloidae #Coleoptera #insect. The effects of contact result in painful blisters. However, horses appear to be more susceptible than other livestock to the toxic effects of this potent chemical. (Illustrations courtesy of Sandya Athigiman. There are more than 200 different species, and they can be found from Mexico to Southern Canada, and from the east coast of the United States as far west as New Mexico. (Illustration courtesy of Sandya Athigiman. long, and is black with narrow red stripes on the wing edges. Research reports indicate cantharidin toxosis can be induced in dairy and beef cattle, goats, and sheep; other reports include rabbits, hedgehogs, rats, mice, and dogs. Figure 10. This type of beetle can secrete a caustic chemical called cantharidin from its abdomen. Here's a better idea: COUNTRYSIDE: I use a one quart spray bottle filled with water and about 1/4 teaspoon of liquid dish soap (we use Dawn[R]). He said … (pp. A practitioner case report: Blister beetle poisoning in horses. These fluids contain cantharidin, a potent blistering agent that is present in varying amounts in most blister beetle species. Ray, A.C., L.O. (It's Free. Blister beetles and alfalfa. Equine Professional Topics, Veterinary Continuing Education, Cooperative Extension Service, 7, 24–27. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 45, 2261–2266. Evaluation of an analytical method for the diagnosis of cantharidin toxicosis due to ingestion of blister beetles (Epicauta lemniscata) by horses and sheep. Tweet; Description: This is the strangest beetle I have ever found. The Desert Is Bugged: Bug Lighting. Southwestern Veterinarian, 147–148. ), Equine Medicine and Surgery, 2nd ed. Used with permission. One of the Insects of the Southwest authors said, “I have seen stripped [by blister beetles] trees in a straight line several hundred feet long.”  If inadvertently harvested and bailed in large numbers with alfalfa, the blister beetle, which contains a toxic chemical compound called “cantharidin,” can poison domestic animals, especially horses, that eat the hay. Shown here are (left to right) Epicauta sp., a common blister beetle in New Mexico; tamarisk leaf beetle; southern corn rootworm; and caterpillar hunter beetle. According to Donald J. Borror and Richard E. White, A Field Guide to the Insects of America North of Mexico, the typical blister beetle has an elongated and pliable body. And avoid cutting in areas where beetles are high in Number, especially the! 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